Cuzco School ; Angel Arcabucero



The ángel arcabucero poses, holding the arquebus (muzzle-loaded firearm) in his right hand. His elaborate hat with its triple plumed decoration, gilt embroidered suit, broad ballooning sleeves, intricate lace collars and cuffs, bowed shoes and long ribbons are inspired by Inca and Spanish aristocratic costumes. The intricate gilt embroidered designs (brocateado) on his suit, predominance of red, yellow and earth colours and depiction of native flora and fauna as a backdrop are characteristic of the Cuzco School. In a carved and gilded frame.

First half of the 20th century.

Frame Dimensions : Height 86 cm., 34 in, Length 56 cm., 22in

The Cuzco School of Painting

One of the most important in American Art, began in the town of Cuzco, Peru, a city which was the capital of the Incan Empire and has existed for nine centuries. It spread across all of the Andean area as an aesthetic expression of society in the times of the Viceroyship. During Spanish colonization from the 16th to the 18th centuries, Flemish and Italian as well as Spanish versions of the Madonna, the Saints, and the Crucifixion arrived in the New World. These were used to illustrate with clear and didactic images the preaching of religious sermons.

The Cuzco School's works were painted by the indigenous people of Peru who had been taught by such Spanish masters as Loyola. Two traditions existed simultaneously in painting in Cuzco: that of the indigenous people and that of the Spanish masters influenced by Netherlandish Art and Late Gothic Art. Native painters gradually moved away from the purely European style and created paintings of unique extraordinary beauty and great originality by mixing the religious with the naive and with Andean imagery. This style of painting turned into a popular art form. Some of the most popular representations of this art include "The Virgin Mary", "The Virgin With The Child", "The Cuzco Madonna", "The Holy Family", and sumptuously dressed archangels armed as soldiers of heaven such as "Saint Michael", Saint Raphael" and "Saint Gabriel".

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Oil on canvas




Private Collection